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CAT's mission is the conservation of tigers, lions, leopards and other wild cats in their natural habitats.  
CAT is an IRS-certified 501(c)(3) nonprofit public charity, and all contributions are fully tax-deductible.

CAT accepts donations by credit card through Network for Good 
or by check payable to Cat Action Treasury, PO Box 332, Cape Neddick, ME 03902.

All donations will be acknowledged in writing and a receipt provided for tax purposes. 
For information about bequests or donations of stocks or property email cat(a)felidae.org   

Executive Director Kristin Nowell is a leading authority on the 37 species in the family Felidae.
For 25 years she has coordinated status assessments for
the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 

 List of her authored and contributing publications:

Li, Juan, et al. 2020. Defining priorities for global snow leopard conservation landscapesBiological Conservation 241 (2020): 108387.



Nowell, K. 2018.Implementation of CITES Decision 17.228: Review of implementation of Resolution Conf. 12.5 (rev. CoP17) on Conservation of and Trade in Tigers and Other Appendix-I Asian Big Cats. Report for the 70th meeting of the CITES Standing Committee, Sochi, Russia, 1-5 October 2018.

Executive Summary (SC70 Doc. 51 Annex 3)

Full report (153 pages) (SC70 Doc. 51 Annex 4)

Report of the Secretariat (SC70 Doc. 51)

*** In memorium to Esmond Bradley Martin 

Milliken, T., Martin, E.B. and Nowell, K.  1991.  Rhino horn trade controls in East Asia.  TRAFFIC Bulletin 17 (1/2): 17-2

Bauer, H., Nowell, K., Sillero-Zubiri, C. and Macdonald, D.W.M. 2018.  Lions in the modern arena of CITES.  Conservation Letters.


Cheetahs: Biology and Conservation. 2017. Edited by Marker, L., Boast, L. and Schmidt-Kuentzel, A. Series editor P.J. Nyhus.  Elsevier Academic Press, Biodiversity of the World: Conservation from Genes to Landscapes.

Nowell, K. and Rosen, T. 2017.  Global cheetah conservation policy: a review of  international law and enforcement.  Pp 291-305.

Tricorache, P., Nowell, K., Wirth, G., Mitchell, N., Boast, L.K. and Marker, L. 2017. Pets and pelts: understanding and combating poaching and trafficking in cheetahs. Pp 191-205. 

Jackson P., Jackson, S., Jackson, C., Jackson, D., Breitenmoser, U., Breitenmoser, C., Ranjitsinh, M.K., O'Brien, S.J., Nowell, K., Stuart, S., Seidensticker, J., Bertram, B., and Bahaa-el-Din, L. 2017.  Obituary of Peter F.R. Jackson, Chair of the IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group 1983-2000 and founder of Cat News. Cat News 65 3-12.


Kitchener, A. C., Breitenmoser-W�rsten, C., Eizirik, E., Gentry, A., Werdelin, L., Wilting, A., Yamaguchi, N. et al. 2017.  A revised taxonomy of the Felidae. Cat News Special Issue 11.  IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group.



Nowell, K., Li, J., Paltsyn, M.  and Sharma, R.K. (2016). An Ounce of Prevention: Snow Leopard Crime Revisited. TRAFFIC, Cambridge, UK.


Nowell, K. 2016.  Statement on proposal to transfer all African population of Panthera leo to CITES Appendix I.  Cat Action Treasury, June. 

Bauer, H., Chapron, G., Nowell, K., Henschel, P., Funston, P., Hunter, L.T., Macdonald, D.W. and Packer, C., 2015. Lion (Panthera leo) populations are declining rapidly across Africa, except in intensively managed areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(48), pp.14894-14899.

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Bauer, H., Nowelll, K., Breitenmoser, U., Jones, M. and Sillero-Zubiri, C. 2015.  Review of lion conservation strategies.  Convention on Migratory Species working document.

Nowell, K. 2014. An assessment of conservation impacts of legal and illegal trade in cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus. IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group report prepared for the CITES Secretariat, 65th meeting of the CITES Standing Committee, Geneva, 7-11 July. SC65 Doc. 39  (Rev. 2).

Nowell, K and Pervushina, N. 2014. Review of implementation of Resolution Conf.  12.5 (Rev. CoP16) on Conservation and trade in tigers and other Appendix-I Asian big cats.  IUCN and TRAFFIC report prepared for the CITES Secretariat, 65th meeting of the CITES Standing Committee, Geneva, 7-11 July. SC65 Doc. 38  Annex 1.

Contributing editor. 2013.

Snow Leopard Working Secretariat. Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program. 2013-2020. 

 Adopted by Governments of twelve Snow  Leopard Range Countries at the global Snow Leopard Forum, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, October 2013.



 Nowell, K. 2012. Wildlife Crime Scorecard: Assessing compliance with and enforcement of CITES commitments for tigers, rhinos and elephants. WWF Global Wildlife Trade Campaign, Switzerland.

 Full report

 Key findings


Nowell, K. 2012. An assessment of rhino horn as medicine. TRAFFIC report prepared for the CITES Secretariat, 62d meeting of the CITES Standing Committee, Geneva, 23-27 July. SC62 Doc. 47.2 Annex (Rev. 2).

 Villalba, L.M., Bernal. N., Nowell, K. and Macdonald, D.W. 2012. Distribution of two Andean small cats (Leopardus jacobita and Leopardus colocolo) in Bolivia and the potential impact of traditional beliefs on their conservation. Endangered Species Research 16: 85-94.

 Nowell, K., Compton, J. and Verheij, P. 2010. Eliminating illicit demand for tiger parts and products in China: recommendations for the Government of China on how it can deliver on its trade related National Tiger Recovery Priorities. TRAFFIC International, unpublished report.


Contributing author. 2010.

 Global Tiger Recovery Program

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 Adopted by Governments of thirteen Tiger Range Countries at the Heads of State Tiger Summit St. Petersburg, Russia, November 2010.



Macdonald, D.W., Loveridge, A.J. and Nowell, K. 2010. Dramatis personae: an introduction to the wild felids.

Pp 3-58 in DW Macdonald and AJ Loveridge, eds. Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Oxford University Press.

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Preliminaries and table of contents



Nowell, K. 2010. Tiger farms and pharmacies: the central importance of China�s trade policy for tiger conservation.

 Pp 463-475 in R Tilson and P Nyhus, eds. Tigers of the World: the science, politics and conservation of Panthera tigris. Elsevier.

 Hoffmann, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Angulo, A., et al. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the world�s vertebrates. Spoontiques 19771 Daughter Desk Sign, BrownDOI: 10.1126/science.1194442

Nowell, K. 2009. Cats on the 2009 Red List of Threatened Species. Cat News 51: 32-33.

 Nowell, K. (with ME & FC Sunquist) 2009. Felidae: status and conservation. In Handbook of the Mammal of the World. Volume 1. Carnivora . Lynx Edicions with IUCN and Conservation International, Barcelona: 728 pp.VANTONIA Women's Lightweight Joggers Pants Quick Dry Drawstring

 Nowell, K (2009). Deciding the Tiger�s future: Implementation of CITES Decisions 14.65-14.72. SC58 Inf. 9. TRAFFIC Network and World Wide Fund for Nature briefing report, 58th meeting of the CITES Standing Committee, Geneva, Switzerland, 6-10 July.

 Packer C et al. 2009. Sport hunting predator control and conservation of large carnivores. PLoS ONE 4(6): e5941. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005941

 Schipper J et al (2008).  The status of the world�s land and marine mammals:  diversity, threat and knowledge Science 322: 225.

 Nowell, K. 2007.  Asian big cat conservation and trade control in selected range states:  evaluating implementation and effectiveness of CITES RecommendationsTRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.

 Nowell, K., Bauer, H. and Breitenmoser, U. 2007. Cats at CITES COP14. Cat News 47: 30-31.

 Nowell K, Schipper J and Hoffmann M. (2007).  Re-evaluation of the Felidae for the 2008 IUCN Red List Cat News 47: 5.

Nowell, K. and Xu, Ling. 2007. Taming the Tiger Trade:  China�s Markets for Wild and Captive Tiger Products Since its 1993 Domestic Trade Ban. TRAFFIC East Asia, Hong Kong.

 Nowell, K. and Xu, Ling. 2007.  Lifting China�s tiger trade ban would be a catastrophe for conservation.  Cat News 46: 28-29.

 Breitenmoser, U. and Nowell, K. 2007. Mercy Robes Two Tone Mens Long Sleeve TAB Collar French Cuff CleInternational Tiger Symposium in Kathmandu, 16-18 April 2007Cat News 46: 44.

 Nowell K, Bauer H et al (2006).KAL 100% Vegetarian Glucosamine Tablet, 1000 mg, 60 CountConservation Strategy for the Lion (Panthera leo) in Eastern and Southern Africa. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group.

 Nowell K, Bauer H et al (2006). Conservation Strategy for the Lion (Panthera leo) in Western and Central Africa. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group.

Chheang Dany, Nong Divan, Chase J, Nowell K, Prum Savanna and Weiler, H. 2006. Final report of the Cambodia Community Wildlife Ranger Program. Report to the US Fish and Wildlife Service and Save the Tiger Fund.

Bauer, H., Chardonnet, P., Nowell, K. and W. Crosmary. 2005. Status and distribution of the lion (Panthera leo) in West and Central AfricaSilpada 'Falling Water' Natural Plated Hematite Beaded BraceletBackground paper for the West and Central African Lion Conservation Workshop, Douala, Cameroon, October 2-7 2005.

Chardonnet, P., Crosmay, W., Belemsobgo, U., Koulagna, D. and K. Nowell. 2005. Direct and indirect influences on lion conservation in West and Central Africa. Background paper for the West and Central African Lion Conservation Workshop, Douala, Cameroon, October 2-7 2005.

Bauer, H., Chardonnet, P. and K. Nowell. 2005. Status and distribution of the lion (Panthera leo) in East and Southern AfricaBlue Donuts 33 Oz Ceramic Airtight Jar with Bamboo Lid,Ceramic A Background paper for the East and Southern African Lion Conservation Workshop, Johannesburg, South Africa, January 8-13 2006.

Nowell, K. and Hunter, L. 2005. West and Central African Lion Conservation Workshop. Species 44.

Nowell, K. 2004. The Cat Specialist Group at CITES 2004. Cat News, Autumn.

Bauer, H. and Nowell, K. 2004. Endangered classification for West African Lions. Cat News 41: 35-36

Shepherd, C.R. and N. Mangnus. 2004. Nowhere to Hide: The Trade in Sumatran Tiger. TRAFFIC Southeast Asia report, 108 pages. K Nowell, technical editor.

Klopfstein, S., Breitenmoser U. and C., and K. Nowell. 2003. The CAT Specialist Group Library. Report to the Bosack and Kruger Foundation.

 Nowell, K. 2002. Revision of the Felidae Red List of Threatened Species. Cat News 37: 4-6.

 Nowell, K. 2002. The Cat Specialist Group Digital Library as a measure of cat conservation effort. Cat News 37: 23-24.

 Nowell, K. 2000. Far from a Cure: the Tiger Trade Revisited. TRAFFIC International Species in Danger report.

Nowell, K, Sun, H., Weiler, H. and J.L.D. Smith. 1999. National status survey for tigers in Cambodia. Cat News 30: 4-8.

Lindeque, P.M., Nowell, K., Preisser, T., Brain, C. and P.C.B. Turnbull. 1998.The North Face Recycled 66 Classic HatAnthrax in wild cheetahs in Etosha National Park, Namibia. Proc. OIE Intl Anthrax Congress: 9-15.

Nowell, K. and Preisser, T. 1998. Snow Leopard Incentive Conservation Program evaluation, Mongolia. Unpublished report to the International Snow Leopard Trust.

 Nowell, K. 1997. Markets for snow leopard products. In: R. Jackson and A. Ahmad (Eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Snow Leopard Symposium. International Snow Leopard Trust, Seattle, Washington.

Nowell, K. 1997. The cheetah: exploring the relationship between behavior, ecology, evolutionary history and genetics. Invited talk given at R. Lewontin�s Laboratory of Population Genetics at Harvard University.

 Nowell, K. 1996. Namibian cheetah conservation strategy. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia, 89 pp.

 Nowell, K. and Jackson, P. 1996. Wild cats: status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN Publications, Cambridge, UK, 382 pp.

 Nowell, K. 1995. A Cat Action Treasury to fund conservation. Cat News 23: 28.

 Nowell, K., Scheepers, L. and Brain, C. 1994. History of a man-eating lioness. Cat News 20: 9-10.

 Milliken, T., Nowell, K. and J. Thomsen. 1993. The decline of the black rhino in Zimbabwe: implications for future rhino conservation. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK, 76 pp.

 Nowell, K. 1993. The market for tiger bone in Taipei. TRAFFIC Bulletin 13: 112-114.

 Nowell, K. 1993. Tiger bone medicines and trade. Cat News 18: 6-9.

 Nowell, K., Chyi, W.-L. and C.-J. Pei. 1992. The horns of a dilemma: the market for rhino horn in Taiwan. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, 36 pp.

 Nowell, K. 1991. Aboriginal hunting in the Tawu Mountain Nature Reserve. Report to the Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, and the Council of Agriculture, Govt. of Taiwan, 160 pp.

 Milliken, T., Martin, E.B. and K. Nowell. 1991. Rhino horn trade controls in East Asia. TRAFFIC Bulletin 12: 17-21.

Low, J. (pseud.). 1991. The smuggling of endangered wildlife across the Taiwan Strait. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK, 24 pp.

 Nowell, K. 1990. Formosa and the clouded leopard. Cat News 13: 14-15.